Islamic Archives

Home » Bible » Every Occurrence of Proskuneó-προσκυνέω in the LXX (Greek Old Testament) and the New Testament

Every Occurrence of Proskuneó-προσκυνέω in the LXX (Greek Old Testament) and the New Testament

Advertisements

APOLOGIZES, THIS IS NOT A COMPREHENSIVE LIST, AND IS IN THE PROCESS OF BEING EDITED, BUT THERE IS MORE THAN ENOUGH FOR THE POINT TO BE MADE. (It seems I have only searched for one form of the word, and many other forms of it exist)


Just to remind the readers; in a previous post we asked the question: “Does Worship actually mean Worship in the New Testament?”

Now we will approach this question from a different angle by examining every occurrence of this Greek word, Proskuneó/ προσκυνέω(G4352) in the LXX (Septuagint, the Greek Old Testament)  and the New Testament.

Below I have BLUED  all occurrences of the word where it is applied in the context of praising/bowing/reverence etc; and I have REDED all occurrences of the word where it actually means WORSHIP; as in the English sense of Worshiping something/someone like God, whether it be actually God, or false gods.

I have also GREENED instances where it refers to Jesus , as to be fair to our Christian readers and not impose my theological leanings from the get-go.

I will now summarize my research/conclusion here (so you don’t have to scroll all the way down 🙂

Let us recall that THIS WHOLE EXERCISE, is being done to address the argument that “Jesus is God, because he was worshiped“. If we are to assume that all occurrences of the word, Proskuneó/ προσκυνέω(G4352), must imply WORSHIP and not general reverence , then we would have no choice but to believe in the following:

FROM THE LXX

Genesis 33:6 -Esau is God.

Genesis 33:7-Esau is God.

Genesis 37:7-Sheaf is God.

Genesis 42:6 -Joseph is God.

Genesis 43:28 -Joseph is God.

Genesis 48:12- Jacob is God

1 Chronicles 29:20 -David and God are being worshipped at the SAME TIME.

2 Chronicles 24:17- King Joash  is God.

THEN THE NT:

Rev 3:9- Christians are God.

In conclusion, the argument that “Jesus is God because he is accepting Worship” can not be used as a proof of his so-called divinity.  If so , you have opened up the trinity to a pantheon of gods. Now you may argue that most of these instances are from the LXX. Fine, however JUST ONE instance from Rev 3:9 is good enough to show that you can not apply the meaning of ACTUAL WORSHIP universally. If you did, then you would have to agree that God is going to make the Jews WORSHIP the Christians as God.

And so ends a long strenuous exercise in examining the word , Proskuneó/ προσκυνέω(G4352) within in the LXX and the NT.

OLD TESTAMENT

Genesis 33:6 
6 Then the handmaidens came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves.

Genesis 33:7 
7 And Leah also with her children came near, and bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and Rachel, and they bowed themselves.

Genesis 37:7 
7 For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf.

Genesis 42:6 
6 And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph’s brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth

Genesis 43:26 
26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth.

Genesis 43:28 
“Your servant, our father, is doing well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” Then they bowed down in humility.

Genesis 48:12
12 And Joseph brought them out from between his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth

Exodus 33:10 
10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door.

Numbers 25:2 
2 And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.

Deuteronomy 29:26  
26 For they went and served other gods, and worshipped them, gods whom they knew not, and whom he had not given unto them:

Judges 2:12 
12 And they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the Lord to anger.

Judges 2:17 
17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the Lord; but they did not so.

1 Kings 9:9  
9 And they shall answer, Because they forsook the Lord their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the Lord brought upon them all this evil.

1 Kings 9:9
9 And they shall answer, Because they forsook the Lord their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the Lord brought upon them all this evil.

2 Kings 17:16
16 And they left all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.

1 Chronicles 29:20 
20 And David said to all the congregation, Now bless the Lord your God. And all the congregation blessed the Lord God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped the Lord, and the king. ( happened to both)

2 Chronicles 7:3 
3 And when all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the Lord upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worshipped, and praised the Lord, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.

2 Chronicles 7:22 
22 And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them.

2 Chronicles 24:17
17 Now after the death of Jehoiada came the princes of Judah, and made obeisance to the king. Then the king hearkened unto them.

2 Chronicles 29:29 
29 And when they had made an end of offering, the king and all that were present with him bowed themselves, and worshipped.

2 Chronicles 29:30
30 And king Ezekias and the princes told the Levites to sing hymns to the Lord in the words of David, and of Asaph the prophet: and they sang hymns with gladness, and fell down and worshipped.

Nehemiah 8:6 
6 And Ezra blessed the Lord, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the Lord with their faces to the ground.

Psalm 22:29
All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and worshipped: all that go down to the earth shall fall down before him: my soul also lives to him.

Psalm 106:19
19 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image.

Isaiah 2:8
8 Their land also is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made:

Jeremiah 1:16
16 And I will utter my judgments against them touching all their wickedness, who have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, and worshipped the works of their own hands.

Jeremiah 8:2 
2 And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.

Jeremiah 16:11 
11 Then shalt thou say unto them, Because your fathers have forsaken me, saith the Lord, and have walked after other gods, and have served them, and have worshipped them, and have forsaken me, and have not kept my law;

Jeremiah 22:9
9 Then they shall answer, Because they have forsaken the covenant of the Lord their God, and worshipped other gods, and served them.

NEW TESTAMENT

Mat 2:2  
Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship G4352 him.

Mat 2:8
And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship G4352 him also.

Mat 2:11
And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped G4352 him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.

Mat 4:9
And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship G4352 me.

Mat 4:10
Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship G4352 the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

Mat 8:2
And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped G4352 him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.

Mat 9:18
While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped G4352 him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.

Mat 14:33
Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped G4352 him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God.

Mat 15:25 
Then came she and worshipped G4352 him, saying, Lord, help me.

Mat 18:26 
The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped G4352 him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.

Mat 20:20
Then came to him the mother of Zebedee’s children with her sons, worshipping G4352 him, and desiring a certain thing of him.

Mat 28:9
And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped G4352 him.

Mat 28:17
And when they saw him, they worshipped G4352 him: but some doubted.

Mar 5:6
But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped G4352 him,

Mar 15:19
They kept hitting him on the head with a stick, spitting on him, kneeling in front of him, and worshiping him.

Luk 4:7
If thou therefore wilt worship G4352 me, all shall be thine.

Luk 4:8
And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship G4352 the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

Luk 24:52 
And they worshipped G4352 him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:

Jhn 4:20
Our fathers worshipped G4352 in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. G4352

Jhn 4:21 
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall G4352 neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship G4352 the Father.

Jhn 4:22 
Ye worship G4352 ye know not what: we know what we worship: G4352 for salvation is of the Jews.

Jhn 4:23
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship G4352 the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship G4352 him.

Jhn 4:24
God is a Spirit: and they that worship G4352 him must worship G4352 him in spirit and in truth.

Jhn 9:38
And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped G4352 him.

Jhn 12:20
And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship G4352 at the feast:

Act 7:43
Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship G4352 them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

Act 8:27
And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship, G4352

Act 10:25
And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped G4352 him.

Act 24:11
Because that thou mayest understand, that there are yet but twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem for to worship. G4352

1Co 14:25
And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on his face he will worship G4352 God, and report that God is in you of a truth.

Heb 1:6
And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let G4352 all the angels of God worship G4352 him.

Heb 11:21
By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, G4352 leaning upon the top of his staff.

Rev 3:9
Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship G4352 before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

Rev 4:10
The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship G4352 him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

Rev 5:14
And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped G4352 him that liveth for ever and ever.

Rev 7:11
And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped G4352 God,

Rev 9:20
And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should G4352 not worship G4352 devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:

Rev 11:1
And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship G4352 therein.

Rev 11:16
And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped G4352 God,

Rev 13:4
And they worshipped G4352 the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped G4352 the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?

Rev 13:8
And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship G4352 him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Rev 13:12
And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship G4352 the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.

Rev 13:15
And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would G4352 not worship G4352 the image of the beast should be killed.

Rev 14:7
Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship G4352 him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

Rev 14:9
And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship G4352 the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
TOOLS

Rev 14:11
And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship G4352 the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

Rev 15:4
Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship G4352 before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

Rev 16:2
And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped G4352 his image.R

Rev 19:4
And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped G4352 God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia.
TOOLS

Rev 19:10
And I fell at his feet to worship G4352 him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship G4352 God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Rev 19:20
And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped G4352 his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

Rev 20:4
And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had G4352 not worshipped G4352 the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

Rev 22:8
And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship G4352 before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things.

Rev 22:9
Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship G4352 God.

WHEW, that took a LONG TIME!
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s

Categories

%d bloggers like this: