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P52 vs Birmingham Manuscript (Comparing the Earliest Biblical Manuscript to the Earliest Qur’anic Manuscript )

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Date

P52: 125-175 CE (Dated using paleography and NOT radiocarbon dating) . This is the oldest, no manuscript is seen from the lifetime of Jesus or even the first century.

Birmingham: Between c. 568 and 645 using Radiocarbon dating( A more accurate method to date than paleography) . This could very well mean during the time of the Prophet, if not the early first century following his death.

Size:

P52:   Credit Card Sized (measuring only 3.5 by 2.5 inches (8.9 by 6 cm) at its widest; and conserved). The oldest manuscript is nothing but a scrap of paper.

Birmingham:  folio size (343mm by 258mm at the widest point) and are written on both sides . One two-page leaf contains verses 17–31 of Surah 18 (Al-Kahf) while the other leaf the final eight verses 91–98 of Surah 19 (Maryam) and the first 40 verses of Surah 20 (Ta-Ha),  all in their present day sequence and conforming to the standard text.

CONCLUSION

It is clear that the textual integrity of the Muslim scripture far exceeds that of the Christian tradition, just comparing the earliest manuscript we have both in date and in size.

This manuscript along with others that are dated at that time, show the Qur’an can be reconstructed. The Bible can not make that claim either in the first or second century common era. A Bible can only be reconstructed using the manuscripts, much later on compared to the Qur’an

This revelation will show that the Bible was not a complete text in the first century , let alone the second. Who knows how many Bible existed? And what additions or deletions occur? There is much to be desired in the Biblical textual tradition.

 

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