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Ibn Taymiyya on the Maliki Madhhab



Some excerpts from his book, “The soundness of the principles of the madhhab of the people of Madina “:

“Praised be Allah (SWT), the madhhab of the people of City of the Prophet – the place of the Sunnah, the place of migration (hijrah) and the place of helping (nasrah), and where the Prophet established the sunnahs of Islam and its laws and where the muhajirs came and hailed Allah (SWT) and His Prophet and from it were the Ansar who populated the city earlier and their hearts with eman – verily their (the people of Madina’s) madhhab in the era of the Sahabah and the Tabi’een and their Tabi’een is the soundest of madhhabs of all the Islamic cities east and west, in the fundamentals and branches of religion. And verily these three eras are the eras of the three esteemed generations, regarding whom the Prophet (s) said in the sahih hadith ‘The best of generations are my generation, then those who follow them, then those who follow them.’”

“..and from the generations that the Prophet (s) indicated to, the madhhab of the people of Madina was the soundest madhhab of the all the lands, for verily they used to establish [Islamic law] from the direct influences (athaar) of the Prophet (s)…”

“And those people who have reported from Abu Hanifa, or one of his companions, that the Ijma’ of the people of Kufa is incumbent to follow (hujjah) for all muslims, then verily he has mistakenly attributed this to Abu Hanifa and his companions. But as for the people of Madina, verily people have talked about the ijma’ of its populace, and it is well-known that to Malik and his companions the ijma’ of it’s (Madina’s) people is incumbent, even if the rest of the imams (from other places) dispute with them in it…”

“..this is why none of the Muslim scholars believed that the ijma’ of any of the cities except Madina was a proof which must be followed – not in those times nor after them.”

“ for the three esteemed generations, in Madina there was no bid’a. And no bid’a in the fundamentals of religion emerged from Madina, whereas it did in the rest of the world. The five major localities that the companions (r) of the Prophet (s) populated include: the two Harams (Makka and Madina), the two Iraqs (Basra and Kufa), and Syria. And from these places emerged the Quran, hadith, fiqh, worship and other things that are followed in the matters of Islam. And from all these localities bid’as emerged in the fundamentals of religion – except for the Madina of the Prophet”.

“The people of Madina were the soundest of the people of the cities in both transmission and opinion. Their hadith is the soundest of hadiths. The people of knowledge of hadith agree that the soundest of hadiths are the hadiths of the people of Madina and then the hadiths of the people of Basra.”

“Now the action of the people of Madina was either a sunnah from the Messenger of Allah (SWT) (s) himself or they referred to the judgements of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab. It is said that Malik took the bulk of the Muwatta’ from Rabi’a, and Rabi’a from Sa’id ibn al-Musayyab, and Sa’id ibn al-Musayyab from ‘Umar, and ‘Umar related it. Of ‘Umar’s weight, Tirmidhi has related that the Messenger of Allah (SWT) (s) said, ‘If I had not been sent to you, then ‘Umar would have been sent to you.’”

“The Deen of Islam is that the sword follows the Book. When knowledge of the Book and Sunnah has the upper hand, and the sword follows that, then the business of Islam is established. The people of Madina are the most entitled of the cities to the like of that. As for the time of the Rightly-guided Caliphs, the business was like that. After them, some of them had more of it than others. When knowledge of the Book is insufficient and the sword sometimes agrees with the Book and sometimes opposes it, then where is the deen in that? Whoever is guided to these matters and their like, it is clear to him that the basis of the people of Madina is incomparably sounder than the basis of any of the people of the earth.”

, If your interested in the full translation , you can pick up the book titled “The Madinan Way: The Soundness of the Basic Premises of the School of the People of Madina” by Ahmad ibn ‘Abd al-Halim Ibn Taymiyyah and translated by Aisha Abdurrahman Bewley

“Whoever intends to restrict himself to the opinions of one Imam and focus his learning exclusively on the Sunnah by studying it and memorizing it, wanting an excellent share of knowledge, then there is no other choice except that he makes his imam the Imam of Medina [i.e. Imam Malik], the mine treasure trove of Medina.” Ibn ‘Abdul Barr.

“For every situation that presents itself, the school of Malik has its solution.” Imam Al-Dhahabi.

“Whoever ponders on the fundamentals of the faith and the foundations of Shari’ah, will find the foundations of Malik’s school to be the soundest.” Ibn Taymmiyah.

“And we affirm, without any ounce of excessiveness, that the school of Malik is the school of life and rejuvenation. Indeed, the scholars of the past, from different eras, confronted different problems and found it encompassing all of them. And in this age, the modern age, scholars have encountered problems and found that, for every need they had, it served as a helper providing a remedy to all their needs. We (the ulema/scholars) attribute this to the large number of its jurists and principles which enabled it to confront any issue.” Muhammad Abu Zahrah.


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